Selasa, 08 Januari 2013

Descriptive text (Describing Animals)


Descriptive text is describe a particular person, place or thing (Rudi Hartono, 2005 : 6). The purpose of a descriptive text is to tell about the subject by describing its features without including personal opinion. There are important parts in descriptive text that must be taught as follows :a.       Social functionThe function of descriptive text is to give information. Contextual factor or social context of this text is describing things. Can be person, animal, or place (a specific thing like our friends, or person who we know them well). The social function of descriptive text is to describe a particular person, place, or thing (Rudi Hartono, 2005:206)b.      Generic structureThe genric structures of descriptive texts are identification and description which identifies the person, place, or thing to be described and description which describe parts, qualities and characteristics (Hartono, 2005: 7).


               The Generic Structure of Descriptive Text:
Ø  Identification: identifying the phenomenon to be described.
Ø  Description: describing the phenomenon in parts, qualities, or/and characteristics.


A typical descriptives text has an opening paragraph introducting the subject of the description; followed by a series of paragraph, each describing one feature of the subject. There can be also a final concluding section that signals the and the description.c.       Language featuresThe linguistic features of descriptive texts are focused on specific participants, use of attributive and identifyng process, frequent use epithets and classifier in nominal groups (Hartono, 2005: 9). The vocabularies, which are often used in descriptive texts are words that are related to name of place: location, purpose, beneficial, presentation, and evidence of today, which are needed (for building). For animals, the words which are used arew words which describe clasification, presentation, habitat, behavior, life cycle and beneficial. Language, which is used the neutral objective languageDescriptive texts often used one of the forms bepresent or past, and one of the forms have. Tenses which are often use are present tense, but sometimes past if there are things, which are described had lost (nothing again). Passive forms are often used too. Describe texts are often completed with photo, diagram, map, etc.        Action Verb      It drinks much water.      Simple present tens       It has a for legs.      Adjective       Lion is a wild animal.

Example of Descriptive Text


           Elephant is one of the biggest animal in the world. This animal is from Africa.

           Elephant has a big body. Its color is grey. It has four legs. And its legs are very big and very strong. Elephant has two wide ears. Elephant has two eyes that the eyes are black and small enough. It has a trunk, and the trunk is long. Elephant has two long/pointed tooth and the name is tusk. And this tusk, trunk and legs can be a weapon of elephant use to defense it self from the other animal. And elephant has a short tail.


Your job:
1. Take one picture based on your pair number!
2. Discuss with your friend, and describe it in front of your class!



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